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Taiwan unveils 1st homegrown submarine shipyard

The Associated Press

Taiwan Navy sailors salute from a Dutch Zwaardvis-class submarine during a groundbreaking ceremony for the island’s naval submarine factory in Kaohsiung, southern Taiwan, on Thursday.

The Associated Press KAOHSIUNG, Taiwan (AP) — Taiwan broke ground Thursday on a shipyard to produce submarines to counter China’s growing military threat.

The self-governing island’s President Tsai Ing-wen presided over a ceremony in the southern port city of Kaohsiung, saying submarines were an effective way to deter a foe from surrounding the island by sea.

“We must have concept and thinking of asymmetric warfare,” Tsai said, referring to the military concept where a smaller opponent can hold off a larger one using specialized strategies and tactics.

China, which claims Taiwan as its territory to be annexed by force if necessary, operates a growing navy that boasts some 75 submarines, including latest generation homebuilt vessels.

Taiwan operates just four aged submarines, but pressure from China has prevented it from buying more abroad. Plans call for the shipyard to produce eight diesel craft, with the first due for completion in 2025.

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  • The Associated Press

    Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen, center, looks at the first indigenous submarine model during a groundbreaking ceremony for the island’s naval submarine factory in Kaohsiung, southern Taiwan, on Thursday.

Taiwan relies on the United States for much of its defense needs, but the United States now only produces nuclear-powered submarines.

Holland’s decision to sell Taiwan two Zwaardvis-class submarines 30 years ago resulted in a major diplomatic rift with Beijing and, under Chinese pressure, they would not sell more, Tsai said.

“Therefore, building them indigenously is our only way.” she said.

Despite Chinese pressure, more than a dozen foreign firms have reportedly expressed strong interest in taking part in the submarine projects under the Kaohsiung-based Taiwan Shipbuilding Corp., also known as CSBC.

Tsai has made reviving Taiwan’s indigenous armaments industry a priority for her administration.

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